1300 29 50 68 7 Types of Rug Materials Explained – Rugs Aura

7 Types of Rug Materials Explained

processing fabric by karolina grabowska

Rugs bind us to our surroundings. They not only complete your room but also shape the way you feel inside it. However, you may also want to know how important it is to take care of your rug before purchasing one. Those fabrics that your rugs are made from are a widely misunderstood factor for buying one as part of your home décor fulfilment. Making a bad decision might lead to ruins, if your pet's paws are muddy or if your wine is spilled on your brand-new rug. Hence, there are several aspects to keep in mind when choosing the right rug, with materials being among the most significant amongst them. The kind of material that you chose will therefore rely on different facets, like durability, quality, rug placement and sustainability. Material influences the feel, value, and purpose of a rug. Hence the reason why it is important to select the right material to fit your needs to find your ideal rug.

You need to make a sensible option about the right rugs for your household by being conscious of the types of rug materials available, and their longevity to withstand the test of time. To simplify it further, the type of rug materials can be split into two categories:

  • Natural fibre
  • Synthetic fibre

Natural Fibre Rugs

Natural fibre rugs usually hand-tufted or crafted into flatweaves, braids or knots, and adds plenty of organic beauty with a smooth finish to any environment. They are a great choice to add some natural look to a traditional family living space, or a casual laidback feeling to the patio during summer breaks. Natural fibres stem from the finest quality materials such as wool, cotton, or jute and are more robust than synthetic machine-made rugs. Moreover, they last longer, and no toxic pollutants are discharged into the atmosphere over time.

Wool Rugs

wool carpet by abd sarakbi

It should come as no surprise that wool, one of the most durable materials available, are among homeowners' most popular choice for rugs. Many wool-made rugs are heavy and are prone to shed, but the shedding diminishes over time. Wool rugs are a sturdy, springing-back fabric, and an incredibly versatile option for high-traffic areas. They easily bring warmth and comfort to your feet especially during the winter seasons and is a popular alternative for busy households and bedrooms. Besides Its texture, warmth, and design, wool is the kind of ideal material that quickly absorbs dyes and allows for endless colour choices, while maintaining its appearance for a long time which is no wonder why they are used in a wide range of colours and shapes for its rugs. Owing to its thick properties, wool repels liquids naturally which allows you time to clean up spills, as it gradually infiltrates into the wool. Eventually, the moisture would be drained, but it takes a while, enabling a fast cleaning to prevent irreversible damage. Wool is also naturally resistant to stain, resulting from natural oils that keep stains from sticking to the wool. However, it would always be a wise choice to implement a professional cleaning service for your wool rugs and, which is highly recommended where appropriate. Wool is one of the most common alternatives for both area rugs and carpets, where you can place it in almost every room including family-oriented rooms.

Common placement areas:

  • Bathrooms
  • Dining rooms
  • Hallways (Mainly for high-traffic areas and low-pile wool rugs are recommended)

Pros:

  • Antibacterial & antimicrobial
  • Durable
  • Eco-friendly, sustainable & renewable
  • Fade-resistant
  • Fire-resistant
  • Helps to maintain reasonable temperatures
  • Hypoallergenic (unlikely to induce an allergic reaction)
  • Mould-resistant
  • Smooth
  • Soundproofing
  • Stain-resistant & simple to disinfect
  • Strong bounce-back (springs back into shape after denture)

Cons:

  • Expensive

Cotton Rugs

cotton rug by cottonbro

Cotton is another natural fabric material that quickly dyes and produces a variety of colours and patterns just like their wool counterparts. They are cheaper than wool and for working families on a budget, cotton provides them with a great choice for a more frugal investment. They are also a lighter alternative to jute or sisal rugs, where its rugs usually appear to be braided or flat knitted. Bringing a breath of fresh air and exceptional ambience into the room, cotton rugs offer elegant decoration for your home without breaking the budget. Cotton is a flexible plant stemmed from which many woven fabrics and area rugs are used in the production. Despite not being as durable as linen, cotton keeps well for constant use and is easy to clean. They are robust and if the rug is small enough, it can be placed in a laundry machine or a big cotton rug can be shampooed to eliminate soil stains and dust. Cotton is very fluffy that offers an array of useful possibilities for your house as you can place one in your children's bedrooms, guest rooms and in relaxed areas such as playrooms, kitchen area and even on bathroom floors.

Common placement areas:

  • Bedrooms
  • Living rooms

Pros:

  • Eco-friendly, sustainable & renewable
  • Gentle
  • Less costly than wool
  • Washable & easy to clean

Cons:

  • Less durable than linen and wool

Jute and Sisal Rugs

jute fabric by alexas_fotos

Jute and sisal are biodegradable fibres of perfect longevity. They are produced from the stalk of a tropical grass plant which makes for an exceptionally durable and easily manageable material and is often considered the most environmentally friendly fibre for rugs. Building these rugs allows patterns and weaves that other forms of fibre cannot usually produce, quality-wise. Jute and sisal are a suitable option for patients with allergies or asthma over fur materials. However, bear in mind that rugs of these fabrics are harsher on your feet relative to rugs of wool or cotton and is not the most convenient cushion or rug to relax on. Jute and sisal rugs can be quickly washed from dirt and dust. But make sure you keep fluids out as they are highly absorbent and can also retain moisture which makes it hard to remove stains if you spill something, and these stains can be very hard to get rid of. Hence it is safer to use a professional for rug-dry cleaning. Jute and sisal rugs do not get dyed often and give a lovely, natural golden colour which is also ideal for an earthy and coastal-style look and feel to your room.

Common placement areas:

  • Living rooms

Pros:

  • Comfortable
  • Easy to clean dust and soil
  • Eco-friendly, sustainable & renewable
  • Textured look

Cons:

  • Easy to stain (highly absorbent material)
  • Rough & low comfort
  • Very rugged

Silk Rugs

silk area rugs by digital buggu

As is widely recognised, silk is made from silkworms and is, therefore, a resource that is environmentally friendly and renewable. To the touch, it is an incredibly soft material which is easy to dye and absorbs and has a smooth, shiny finish which looks beautiful it is when twisted into a tap for instance. It is flexible and has the look of luxury, but due to how fragile it is and not being very sturdy and durable, it should not be mounted in high-traffic areas. Additionally, silk materials are absorbent, however, and if water or other liquids are spilled on a silk rug, they are quickly soaked into the fabric, so it will not be a suitable idea for family rooms, bedrooms or other places where people eat or have drinks. Fortunately, when silk rugs are mixed with a hybrid of wool or bamboo, surface rugs made from these blends are more robust, less penetrable, and can be mounted in almost every area of your home. The added fibres enhance more depth and establish pristine quality texture and offer a beautiful shine to the rugs.

Common placement areas:

  • Bedrooms and other places of low traffic

Pros:

  • Can be used in combination with other fabrics such as wool
  • Eco-friendly, sustainable & renewable
  • Incredibly soft to the touch
  • Sheen finish

Cons:

  • Not durable

Synthetic Fibre Rugs

Synthetic, plastic rugs are usually woven on a power loom. You have the option to modify the size, colours, patterns etc. for these machine-made rugs. In a machine, the specifics are inserted, and a rug shapes precisely as you wish to.

Nylon Rugs

Nylon is an all-rounder synthetic fibre which can turn into an infinite number of colours. It avoids dirt and crumbs and is easy to vacuum. Nylon is a fibre that stands up to heavy traffic and is very solid and robust. It also has a silky appearance in area rugs which can produce a good shine. Because of how robust it is, it can be found in both high and low traffic environments and has a glossy finish as well. However, unlike polypropylene, it is not the softest substance to handle, nor is it highly environmentally friendly. The greatest downside to having a rug in the nylon area is that they are vulnerable to fade in the long run, as it is dyed to vinegar. Check for a non-nylon area rug if you are more prone to purchasing a woven area rug for instance.

Common placement areas:

  • Bedrooms
  • Hallways
  • Living rooms

Pros:

  • Durable
  • Repels water and stain
  • Sheen coating

Cons:

  • Easy to clean
  • Easy to fade
  • Not eco-friendly
  • Not so gentle

Polypropylene Rugs (Olefin)

Polypropylene is another great synthetic fabric alternative, and it is one of the most common fibre fabricated in rugs today. Polypropylene or olefin, in other words, does not feel as fine as wool but they make it up for their durability. If you are looking for a rug that you can use both indoors and outdoors, you may want to look for a rug in the polypropylene region. It is frequently used in outdoor environments, owing to its toughness and ability to repel stains and moisture. However, it is not fibre-resilient, and furniture marks can prove to be difficult to repair. Hence, over time high-traffic areas appear to exhibit soiling and abrasion. Notwithstanding the drawbacks, Polypropylene is fluffy, stain-resistant like linen retains colour well and is inexpensive.

Common placement areas:

  • Bedrooms
  • Hallways
  • Living rooms
  • Outdoor patios

Pros:

  • Can be used outdoors
  • Close look and feel to fur
  • Easy to clean
  • Durable
  • Pet friendly
  • Resistant to water & stain

Cons:

  • Not eco-friendly

Polyester Rugs

Another plastic alternative for wool rugs is polyester. Polyester is a durable woven material that is used in area rugs and is easy to clean because they are water and stain-resistant. Despite being able to repel stains and water, polyester is not oil resistant. So, when oil-containing compounds linger on the rug, they are likely to mix with the fibres of polyester and create lasting stains. Polyester rugs can be usually found in living rooms, kitchens, and hallways. However, we do not advocate inserting them in areas where furniture is placed. If your polyester rug is dented for a long period due to the positioning of furniture like sofas or coffee table at the same location, for example, the dent may never go away. Interestingly, polyester materials are sometimes common among farmers and it is cheap. Polyester is also a dyed solvent even though it is hard to dye, so colours and patterns are more minimal.

Common placement areas:

  • Bedrooms
  • Hallways
  • Living rooms

Pros:

  • Durable
  • Easy to clean
  • Fade-resistant
  • Water and stain-resistant

Cons:

  • Not eco-friendly


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